The North Pole is the point in the Northern Hemisphere where Earth’s surface meets Earth’s axis of rotation. It is the point farthest North on this Earth. It is as far North as you can get. It is smack dab in the middle of the Arctic Ocean. The Arctic is full of ice burgs and shifting ice. The North Pole lies exactly opposite the South Pole which rests on a land mass as opposed to in the middle of the ocean.
The water’s depth at the North Pole has been measured at 13,980 feet. The Soviet Union and later Russia have manned drifting stations. They study what is basically global warming and predict that the North Pole could become ice free (seasonally) due to ice shrinkage or ice melting in as few a fifty years. Kaffeklubben Island is the closest land mass, off Greenland some 430 miles away.
From the 16th Century, most people believed that the North Pole was in the sea. They sent expeditions to study the area using ships that were accustomed to sailing in cold, Northern climates. Lots of those expeditions ended badly, with few returning to tell the tale.
The Stella Polare set forth from Norway in 1899 and in March, 1900, Captain Umberto Cagni headed a party over the ice until they reached latitude of 86 degree, 34’ in April. They set a new record and returned home safely in August of 1900.
American engineer Robert Peary is credited with reaching the North Pole on April 6, 1909. In 1989 Wally Herbert, originally a supporter of Peary researched and found what he thought were tampered records. Then in 2005, a British explorer named Tom Avery made a trip to the North Pole similar to Peary’s overland trip and found the North Pole in 36 days, 22 hours. This was 3 hours faster that Peary had made it. Avery was quoted as saying that he was more convinced than ever that Peary did indeed discover the North Pole.
Currently, journeys to the North Pole are much more common and even open to tourists during the Christmas season. Usually those trips are by helicopter or ice breaking boats.
At this time of the year, doesn’t it make you wonder, since it has gotten so much easier to get to the North Pole, do Santa Claus and the elves ever think about relocating? Why do we think that Santa lives at the North Pole? An interesting website presents their evidence, saying that OBVIOUSLY Santa lives at the North Pole because:
1. He wears really warm clothes
The website claims that it does not get as cold in Sweden or Finland, so Santa obviously needs such warm clothes because he lives in the North Pole. The website also claims that Walt Disney said that Santa lived in the North Pole, so it must be true. Another page on the website says that Santa lives in Finland, and that Walt Disney was paid a great deal of money by Northpolian whalers to say that. The Swedes maintain that reindeer live in Sweden, so it logically follows that Santa does too. For a full synopsis of each country’s argument, check out Santasnationality.com. Then tell us what you think.